Past perfect

Funções do "past perfect"

O tempo verbal "past perfect" indica um momento anterior ao passado recente. Ele é utilizado quando se deseja deixar claro que um evento ocorreu antes de outro no passado. Não importa qual dos eventos é mencionado primeiro, pois o tempo verbal deixa claro qual dos dois aconteceu antes.

Nos exemplos seguintes, o Evento A representa aquele que ocorreu primeiramente, e o Evento B, aquele que aconteceu na continuação, ou seja, o mais recente dos dois:

Evento A Evento B
John had gone out when I arrived in the office.
Evento A Evento B
I had saved my document before the computer crashed.
Evento B Evento A
When they arrived we had already started cooking.
Evento B Evento A
He was very tired because he hadn't slept well.

Formando o "past perfect"

Em inglês, o "past perfect" é composto por duas partes: o passado do verbo to have (had) + o "past participle" do verbo principal.

Sujeito had past participle
Afirmativa
She had given
Negativa
She hadn't asked.
Interrogativa
Had they arrived?
Interrogativa Negativa
Hadn't you finished?
To decide no "past perfect"
Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa
I had decided I hadn't decided Had I decided?
You had decided You hadn't decided Had you decided?
She had decided She hadn't decided Had she decided?
We had decided We hadn't decided Had we decided?
They had decided They hadn't decided Had they decided?

"Past perfect" + just

"Just" é utilizado com o "past perfect" para indicar um evento ocorrido muito pouco tempo antes de outro evento situado no passado. Exemplos:

  • The train had just left when I arrived at the station.
  • She had just left the room when the police arrived.
  • I had just put the washing out when it started to rain.