Artigo definido

A palavra "the" é uma das mais comuns da língua inglesa. Ela é o único artigo definido do idioma. Em inglês, os substantivos são precedidos pelo artigo definido quando o orador acredita que seu interlocutor já sabe ao que ele se refere. Pode haver muitos motivos para isso, os quais estão relacionados abaixo.


Quando utilizar "the"

Regras gerais

Utilize the para se referir a algo mencionado anteriormente.

  • On Monday, an unarmed man stole $1,000 from the bank. The thief hasn't been caught yet.
  • I was walking past Benny's Bakery when I decided to go into the bakery to get some bread.
  • There's a position available in my team. The job will involve some international travel.

Utilize the quando você presumir que exista apenas uma unidade de algo naquele lugar, mesmo que ela não tenha sido mencionada antes.

  • We went on a walk in the forest yesterday.
  • Where is the bathroom?
  • Turn left and go to number 45. Our house is across from the Italian restaurant.
  • My father enjoyed the book you gave him.

Utilize the nas frases ou orações que definem ou identificam uma pessoa ou objeto particular.

  • The man who wrote this book is famous.
  • I scratched the red car parked outside.
  • I live in the small house with a blue door.
  • He is the doctor I came to see.

Utilize the para se referir a pessoas ou objetos únicos.

  • The sun rose at 6:17 this morning.
  • You can go anywhere in the world.
  • Clouds drifted across the sky.
  • The president will be speaking on TV tonight.
  • The CEO of Total is coming to our meeting.

Utilize the antes de superlativos e números ordinais.

  • This is the highest building in New York.
  • She read the last chapter of her new book first.
  • You are the tallest person in our class.
  • This is the third time I have called you today.

Utilize the com adjetivos para se referir a um grupo de pessoas.

  • The French enjoy cheese.
  • The elderly require special attention.
  • She has given a lot of money to the poor.

Utilize the junto às décadas.

  • He was born in the seventies.
  • This is a painting from the 1820's.

Utilize the com orações introduzidas por only.

  • This is the only day we've had sunshine all week.
  • You are the only person he will listen to.
  • The only tea I like is black tea.
Substantivos próprios

Utilize the com nomes de regiões geográficas, rios, cordilheiras, arquipélagos, canais e oceanos.

  • They are travelling in the Arctic.
  • Our ship crossed the Atlantic in 7 days.
  • I will go on a cruise down the Nile.
  • Hiking across the Rocky Mountains would be difficult.

Utilize the com países no plural.

  • I have never been to the Netherlands.
  • Do you know anyone who lives in the Philippines?

Utilize the com países cujos nomes incluem os termos "republic", "kingdom" ou "states".

  • She is visiting the United States.
  • James is from the Republic of Ireland.

Utilize the com nomes de jornais.

  • I read it in the Guardian.
  • She works for the New York Times.

Utilize the com nomes de prédios famosos, obras de arte, museus ou monumentos.

  • Have you been to the Vietnam Memorial?
  • We went to the Louvre and saw the Mona Lisa.
  • I would like to visit the Eiffel Tower.
  • I saw King Lear at the Globe.

Utilize the com nomes de hotéis & restaurantes, a menos que eles tenham nomes de pessoas.

  • They are staying at the Hilton on 6th street.
  • We ate at the Golden Lion.

Utilize the com sobrenomes de famílias, mas não com o nome de cada familiar.

  • We're having dinner with the Smiths tonight.
  • The Browns are going to the play with us.

Quando não utilizar "the"

Não utilize the com nomes de países (exceto nos casos especiais acima).

  • Germany is an important economic power.
  • He's just returned from Zimbabwe.

Não utilize the com nomes de idiomas.

  • French is spoken in Tahiti.
  • English uses many words of Latin origin.
  • Indonesian is a relatively new language.

Não utilize the com nomes de refeições.

  • Lunch is my favorite meal.
  • I like to eat breakfast early.

Não utilize the com nomes de pessoas.

  • John is coming over later.
  • Mary Carpenter is my boss.

Não utilize the com títulos honorários seguidos por nomes.

  • Prince Charles is Queen Elizabeth's son.
  • President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas.

Não utilize the após o caso possessivo.

  • His brother's car was stolen.
  • Peter's house is over there.

Não utilize the com profissões.

  • Engineering is a well-paid career.
  • He'll probably study medicine.

Não utilize the com nomes de lojas.

  • I'll get the card at Smith's.
  • Can you go to Boots for me?

Não utilize the com indicações de anos.

  • 1948 was a wonderful year.
  • He was born in 1995.

Não utilize the com substantivos incontáveis.

  • Rice is an important food in Asia.
  • Milk is often added to tea in England.
  • War is destructive.

Não utilize the com os nomes específicos de montanhas, lagos e ilhas.

  • Mount McKinley is the highest mountain in Alaska.
  • She lives near Lake Windermere.
  • Have you visited Long Island?

Não utilize the com a maioria dos nomes de cidades, ruas, estações e aeroportos.

  • Victoria Station is in the centre of London.
  • Can you direct me to Bond Street?
  • She lives in Florence.
  • They're flying into Heathrow.